5 Innovative football stadiums around the world

5 Innovative Football Stadiums Around the World

Stadiums are more than just vast structures built for sports; they’re emblematic landmarks that encapsulate the heart and spirit of a region. While their origin traces back to the Roman era, where they were conceived for gladiatorial events and public amusement, today’s stadiums are feats of architectural prowess and innovation.

In our modern context, a stadium doesn’t just host games; it’s a monumental beacon that draws enthusiasts from across continents, unifying them under the banner of shared passion. These structures must balance the intricacies of sports’ demands while providing an unparalleled experience for both athletes and spectators.

Stadium design has hence become an evolving art and science. And in the realm of football, arguably the world’s most beloved sport, some arenas stand out for their groundbreaking features and imaginative designs.

Dive into our curated selection of the top 5 groundbreaking football stadiums that have reshaped the way we experience the game.

The Futuristic Allianz Arena in Munich, Germany

Inaugurated in 2005, the Allianz Arena stands as a testament to the visionary genius of Swiss designers Herzog and de Meuron. Serving as the battleground for Munich’s premier football teams, its most striking feature is undeniably its facade. Comprising 2,874 shimmering, diamond-shaped ETFE (ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer) panels, the stadium becomes a luminous spectacle.

These individual panels have the capability to glow in hues of red, blue, or white. While red and blue pay homage to the city’s two leading football squads, white shines brightly in honor of Germany’s national team. Beyond its aesthetic brilliance, these roof panels offer practical benefits too. They’re impressively lightweight, weighing only a fraction compared to traditional glass, and come with self-cleaning and ventilation properties.

Aviva Stadium: Dublin’s Architectural Gem

Standing tall in Dublin as Ireland’s national pride, the Aviva Stadium plays host to the nation’s football and rugby teams. Unveiled in 2010, it didn’t take long for the stadium to make its mark as a pioneer in sustainable and responsive architectural design. With Populous architects at the helm, the challenge was crafting a design that seamlessly integrated with the adjacent residential areas to the north and south.

Their innovative approach led to the creation of a unique wavy design that varied in height. This thoughtful configuration ensured neighboring homes weren’t deprived of natural light or airflow. Enhancing its aesthetic appeal, the stadium’s exterior is adorned with polycarbonate louvers and glass. These elements not only reflect the heavens but also contribute to its ethereal and lightweight visual presence.

Zuoying’s Marvel: The Kaohsiung National Stadium in Taiwan

Conceived by the visionary Japanese architect Toyo Ito for the esteemed 2009 World Games, the Kaohsiung National Stadium stands as a multifaceted arena, with football being its primary showcase. Its desain stadion, reminiscent of a majestic dragon spiraling upward, is more than just a visual masterpiece. The stadium’s roof is meticulously adorned with 8,845 solar panels. These panels not only cater to the stadium’s energy needs but also have the capacity to electrify nearly 80% of the surrounding area. With an impressive annual energy output of approximately 1.1 million kilowatt-hours, it’s not just a stadium but a beacon of sustainability for Taiwan.

First National Bank Stadium: Johannesburg’s Iconic Pitch

Commonly referred to as Soccer City, this architectural marvel, the brainchild of Populous architects in collaboration with Boogertman Urban Edge + Partners, held the spotlight during the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Taking inspiration from the rich tapestry of African heritage, the stadium mirrors the intricate designs of indigenous pottery. Its striking façade, encased in fiber-cement panels sourced from local terrains, paints a radiant portrait, reminiscent of a blazing fire mosaic, embodying the warmth and spirit of the African continent.

Oita’s Pride: The Modern Showa Denko Dome in Japan

Crafted by the renowned architect Kisho Kurokawa, the Showa Denko Dome, earlier celebrated as the Oita Bank Dome, stands as a centerpiece for football lovers, hosting the J.League club’s spirited matches. But its utility extends beyond football, serving as a venue for rousing rugby tournaments as well. This architectural masterpiece is most noted for its innovative retractable roof, which takes inspiration from the human eye, giving it the affectionate moniker “The Big Eye Stadium.”

With a design that sees the two sections of the roof rise and descend along a central spine, it’s a sight to behold. This movement is orchestrated by an intricate system of wires and winches. Adding to its eco-friendly design, a strategic gap is maintained between the roof and the spectator stands, promoting natural ventilation and offering attendees a glimpse of the breathtaking vistas beyond.

7 Innovative Approaches to Integrate Rattan into Your Home

7 Innovative Approaches to Integrate Rattan into Your Home

Experience the fusion of texture, warmth, and a touch of nature by exploring these seven transformative rattan decoration ideas for your abode.

Reintroducing: rattan. More than just a fleeting trend, rattan has anchored its position in the lasting realm of biophilic designs. Connecting indoor environments with the serenity of nature, it’s a design element that remains timeless. What makes rattan even more appealing is its sustainability, affordability, durability, and lightweight characteristic – making it an impeccable choice for modern homes.

But what’s the story behind rattan?

Diving into the essence of rattan, it’s a type of palm that thrives naturally and is predominantly found in the lush rainforests of Southeast Asia. It’s remarkable how such a robust wood variety grows swiftly, towering tall, yet retains an astonishing lightweight quality.

The allure of rattan isn’t a recent phenomenon. Its introduction to furniture and domestic artifacts dates back to the 17th and 18th centuries. Celebrated for its resilience in tropical temperatures and its immunity to pests, rattan’s prominence rose exponentially. By the time the 19th century dawned, its influence had permeated the British Empire. The 20th century saw the charm of rattan furniture traverse oceans, establishing its presence in American households, thanks to global trade and exploration.

Rattan experienced its moments of glory notably in the 1970s and 2019. Now, as contemporary design evolves, the multifaceted nature of rattan is being embraced with renewed fervor.

  • Embrace seasonal rattan inspirations

The rich hues of rattan, oscillating between beige, golden-brown, and sun-kissed yellow, naturally resonate with summery vibes and coastal interior aesthetics. However, the true beauty of rattan lies in its adaptability, effortlessly transitioning through seasons, design choices, or the mood you aim to craft. Visualize, for instance, a rattan chair adorned with checkered cushions and a snuggly wool blanket; the vibe shifts effortlessly from coastal ease to cozy countryside.

Dwelling in regions with chillier temperatures? Fear not. Rattan harmonizes impeccably with rustic elements. Integrate patterns like buffalo checks, Ikat, or patchwork, and fuse materials like wool, natural stone, or untouched wood varieties to achieve this aesthetic. Moreover, the interplay of rattan and Nordic-inspired designs can be nothing short of magical. Envision a rattan lounger draped with a plush sheepskin rug, accentuated by linens, transparent glass elements, and the soothing tones of pale woods like ash or beech.

PRO TIP: Rattan, akin to wood, is impressively resilient against stains and paints. If the natural glow of rattan clashes with your design sensibilities, consider painting or staining. A contemporary brush or spray paint can offer a modern, albeit unconventional, twist to your rattan masterpiece.

  • Integrate subtle rattan accents for a modern touch

In the realm of interior design, rattan takes the spotlight predominantly as a focal element. This is not solely because its trendiness might ebb and flow with time, but inundating a space with excessive rattan can inadvertently anchor it to a bygone era.

The key to acing rattan’s integration lies in its restrained use, harmonized with diverse elements. A recommended blend is to maintain a 90/10 ratio: let rattan claim just 10% of the space, while the remaining 90% is an amalgamation of diverse materials, hues, patterns, and verdant flora. A pinch of rattan can subtly elevate a room’s aura without making it feel swamped.

If you’re pondering which rattan element to invest in, consider dining chairs, chic bar stools, or an iconic lounge chair crafted in rattan. For those graced with expansive spaces or rooms that blend both indoor and outdoor vibes, incorporating rattan accessories like intricately woven baskets or pendant lights can be an understated yet effective approach.

  • Combine rattan with other nature-inspired pieces

Rattan, with its earthy, organic hues, naturally harmonizes with elements that echo the serenity of nature. Its neutral palette effortlessly complements lush greens, botanical motifs, and other nature-derived textiles like jute, linen, and wool. Such biophilic components not only accentuate rattan’s appeal but also weave it seamlessly into the room’s overall design narrative.

The inherent beauty of rattan is accentuated when bathed in natural light. Therefore, as you blueprint your space’s layout and muse over the placement of rattan furnishings, ensure they find a home in sunlit areas. Spaces awash with natural light or rooms that bridge the indoors with the outdoors are ideal sanctuaries for rattan’s luminous charm.

  • Seamlessly blend interiors & exteriors with rattan designs

Rattan naturally aligns with the aesthetics of open spaces, making it a favorite for patio and alfresco settings. Moreover, the rise in popularity of indoor-outdoor living spaces has further spotlighted rattan’s versatility. When incorporating rattan into these hybrid spaces, balance its look with contrasting materials like stone, wood, cement, or metal.

While rattan graces outdoor settings with poise, some care guidelines ensure its longevity. Primarily, rattan thrives best in temperate, dry environments. Should your rattan encounter moisture, even from minor spills, it’s crucial to dry it promptly, either under the sun or using a hairdryer in a gentle setting, to avert deformities. Additionally, while sunlight brings out the beauty in rattan, prolonged direct exposure can compromise its strength, causing the fibers to become fragile. Exercise caution in its placement to maintain its enduring charm.

  • Inject a casual vibe into traditional settings with rattan

Determined to weave rattan into less predictable spaces in your home? Think about the formal zones – like the dining area or your dedicated workspace. Typically, these rooms resonate with a subdued visual tempo compared to the rest of the dwelling.

Though the association between rattan and a stately dining room might not be immediate, it can be a harmonious blend. Visualize sophisticated rattan dining chairs, which promise comfort without compromising on style, encircling a dark-toned, sharp-edged dining table. If you’re inclined towards a more contemporary vibe, pairing rattan with either glass or the opulence of marble creates an enticing contrast.

For a home office setting, rattan finds its place in subtle infusions that elevate the space’s ambiance. Whether it’s through the weave of rattan storage units, the glow beneath a rattan light fixture, or the rustic charm of a rattan wastebasket, each element adds a touch of cozy allure.

Read Also: Get to Know More in Minimalist Architecture

  • Experiment with derivatives: cane and wicker for diversity

For enthusiasts of the distinctive hue and texture inherent in rattan furnishings, the cane could be your next love affair. Extracted from the rattan stalk’s exterior layer, the cane is subsequently interwoven into diverse patterns to birth exquisite furniture pieces. Not only does cane echo sustainability, but it’s also lightweight and a breeze to maintain.

On the other hand, wicker presents another dimension of the rattan family. If the intricately webbed aesthetics of wicker intrigue you, it could be an excellent addition to your alfresco or semi-outdoor spaces. Given wicker’s pronounced visual presence, it’s wise to employ it judiciously. Perhaps a capacious wicker basket, acting as a repository for soft throws and gadgets, or a singular statement artifact. In interior settings, a sole wicker centerpiece often suffices to captivate attention.

  • Discover classic color palettes & materials that complement rattan

Given rattan’s versatile neutrality, it provides a canvas that harmonizes with an array of color schemes. If you’re seeking guidance on pairing, consider these six timeless color and material tandems:

    • Seaside Serenity
      Colors: pristine white, soothing oatmeal, and sky blue.
      Materials: breathable linen, soft cotton, sun-bleached timber, white-washed shiplap, and rustic brick with a white finish.
    • Marine Muse
      Colors: shades of blue dancing with crisp white.
      Materials: plush velvet and shimmering gold accents.
    • Opulent Allure
      Colors: deep charcoal, subtle gray, and lustrous gold.
      Materials: transparent glass, sparkling crystal, and golden accents.
    • Boho Chic
      Colors: pristine white coupled with hues of peach, rosy pink, and earthy mustard.
      Materials: rich mid-tone timbers, artisanal ceramics, and intricate macramé.
    • Modern Masculine
      Colors: classic white, bold black, and varied neutrals.
      Materials: deep-toned wood, raw exposed brick, sturdy iron, and supple leather.
    • Natural Nuances
      Colors: warm ochre, gentle beige, and rich brown.
      Materials: inviting warm woods, deep-toned timbers, and glinting gold highlights.
Benefits of Standing Desks for Gamers

Elevate Your Gaming Experience: The Benefits of Standing Desks for Gamers

As gaming continues to evolve into a mainstream form of entertainment, gamers are spending longer hours at their desks, immersed in virtual worlds. With the increased sedentary nature of gaming, health concerns such as poor posture, back pain, and reduced circulation have become prevalent. However, an innovative solution has emerged that can not only improve gamers’ physical well-being but also enhance their overall gaming experience – standing desks.

3 Benefits of Standing Desks for Gamers

  • Boost Your Health and Performance

Sitting for prolonged periods of time can have detrimental effects on one’s health. However, standing desks offer a myriad of benefits that can help gamers maintain their health and performance levels. By utilizing a standing desk, gamers can:

Improve Posture: Traditional desks often encourage poor posture, leading to slouching and rounding of the shoulders. Standing desks promote an upright posture, aligning the spine, and reducing the risk of developing musculoskeletal issues.

Enhance Circulation: Sitting for long hours can hinder blood flow, causing circulation problems. Standing desks facilitate better blood flow, preventing issues such as swelling, numbness, and tingling in the legs and feet.

Increase Energy and Focus: Standing desks can help combat the mid-afternoon slump by promoting movement and reducing lethargy. Gamers can experience increased energy levels and enhanced focus, leading to improved gaming performance.

  • Optimize Comfort andErgonomics

Comfort and ergonomics play a crucial role in gaming, as prolonged discomfort can impact performance and overall enjoyment. Standing desks provide gamers with the flexibility to customize their workstation to their unique comfort requirements. Here’s how:

Adjustable Height: Standing desks offer the ability to easily adjust the height to find the perfect ergonomic position, aligning the monitor, keyboard, and mouse at the optimal height for maximum comfort.

Ergonomic Accessories: Standing desks can be complemented with various ergonomic accessories, such as wrist rests, footrests, and monitor arms, to further enhance comfort and reduce strain on the body.

Freedom of Movement: Standing desks promote movement, allowing gamers to change positions, stretch, and shift their weight while gaming, reducing the risk of developing stiffness and discomfort.

    • Maximize Gaming Performance

Gaming performance can be greatly influenced by the environment in which gamers play. Standing desks can contribute to maximizing gaming performance in several ways:

Some games require you to play hours and hours, like Sbobet or even Slot online, which tired body will affect your gaming performance. Using a gaming chair, you can reduce the burden of your body and increasing your performance as well.

Increased Mobility: Standing desks provide gamers with the freedom to move, allowing for quick adjustments, reactions, and maneuvers during gameplay, enhancing agility and responsiveness.

Improved Immersion: Standing desks create a more immersive gaming experience by providing gamers with a wider field of view and a better vantage point, allowing them to fully immerse themselves in the game world.

Reduced Distractions: Standing desks can help reduce distractions by decluttering the gaming setup and creating a dedicated gaming space, enhancing focus, and concentration during gameplay.

In conclusion, standing desks offer a multitude of benefits for gamers, ranging from improved health and performance to optimized comfort and ergonomics, and enhanced gaming experience. By investing in a standing desk, gamers can elevate their gaming experience to new heights, and ultimately, outperform their competition. So why wait? Take your gaming setup to the next level with a standing desk and level up your gaming performance!

Living Room Modern

Create a Modern Living Room Feel This Way!

The living room is one of the important spaces that is the center of attention of the house. The use of an important living room is one of the reasons the design is given great attention. Like the modern living room design that is currently being widely used. Modern design has its own characteristics compared to other designs.

Get to know Modern Architecture

Modern architecture is an architecture that emphasizes the shape of a building that stands out and overrides decoration. Usually, the impression that is displayed is to give a broad impression and look to blend in with the old or without partitions.

This insulation is done by using glass or replacing partitions and walls with transparent materials. Not only that, the use of lines at each angle is also reduced. So, it is very visible the area of the building that was created. This modern architecture seems minimalist without being filled with lots of decoration because it minimizes the use of decoration.

Well, after understanding the meaning of modern architecture. That is when designing a modern living room. The use of space will be complemented by transparent walls and further accentuate the shape of the building or furniture. In addition, modern designs usually display a simple impression with minimal use of decoration. This simple living room nuance gives a neat impression even though it minimizes decoration.

How To Create A Modern Design For The Living Room

When designing, there are several things that must be prepared in order to be able to realize the desired concept. Here’s how you can do it to create a modern living room design:

  1. Use large mirrors on windows or walls

The use of this large glass can give a modern impression to your living room. This transparent glass gives the impression of being borderless when looking at the front view of the house.

  1. Use neutral wall colors and elements

The use of neutral colors can give a broad and modern impression. Usually the colors that are often used are white, light brown, and other colors. When using color try to use no more than 2 colors, or use a combination of adjacent colors. So that the color combination looks more unified and soft.

  1. Use light furniture

The use of furniture with light shapes and materials gives you the opportunity to design a room that is wider and simpler. In addition to light options, use only as much as needed. Until a neat and modern impression is created.

  1. Choose the decoration as needed

When choosing decorations, try not to display them too much. Decorations that can be used include original ornamental plants, artificial plants, wall hangings in the form of pictures or writing, statues, and others. Try to display decorations that are able to give an aesthetic but simple impression by displaying just a few of them. The use of a little decoration is a plus in this modern living room concept.

  1. Use furniture with minimal motifs

The selection of furniture with minimal motifs gives the living room a simple and neat feel. Without the need for many motives, the atmosphere seems neater and more luxurious. Because the main impression in modern design is to highlight the shape. So, this method can be a solution.

After an explanation of the ways that can be done to create the feel of your living room to be modern. Now you have an idea of what to do when designing a modern living room. This method can of course be the solution. Don’t forget, pay attention to the area of the room and prepare furniture according to your needs. So that the impression of modern and minimalist can be created. That’s all from us, hopefully useful.

Mediterranean House

Characteristics of Mediterranean House Buildings

At present, most of the house buildings in Indonesia carry a minimalist theme, a style that is very popular and is a favorite of many people. However, did you know that before this minimalist home style, most houses in Indonesia carried a Mediterranean style. Even so, until now this Mediterranean architectural style is still commonly found in various buildings such as cultural buildings.

Although it is quite popular in Indonesia, which has a tropical climate, the concept of a Mediterranean house was actually popularized by existing buildings in the Mediterranean region in the past. Meanwhile, the Mediterranean region itself has conditions where the wind intensity is quite high. It is the influence of these geographical conditions that make Mediterranean house buildings tend to have a strong, tall, and prominent structure.

Mediterranean House Building Concept

This Mediterranean building concept was popular in Indonesia around the 80’s to 90’s. The architectural style that carries a Mediterranean theme generally adapts to the natural conditions around it. There are several characteristics of Mediterranean house building that make this house style quite unique. The following is an explanation of what are the characteristics of Mediterranean house buildings that you should know about.

  1. Tile Made Of Clay, Slightly Circular Roof Shape

One of the characteristics of the first Mediterranean-style house is located at the top. The tiles used for the Mediterranean-style house are made of clay which is slightly reddish brown in color. This color is indeed one of the most widely used colors for Mediterranean-style homes.

In addition to tiles, the shape of the roof of a Mediterranean-style house is generally slightly circular and even round on one side. This round shape is usually applied to the second floor to cover the balcony. While the first floor uses a gable or triangular roof that is not too high.

  1. There are Striking Pillars

Mediterranean house buildings are very identical with the presence of pillars on the front of the house. The purpose of adding a strong and large pillar is none other than to create the impression of luxury and elegance for those who see it. Not only that, pillars also function as a barrier to construction.

  1. Slightly Striking Engraving

The hallmark of a Mediterranean-style house lies in the materials and carvings that are built. In general, Mediterranean-style homes use natural stone and other types of rock such as marble as a finish for exterior walls. The use of these two types of stone will make a Mediterranean-style house look even more elegant and luxurious.

  1. Color Selection Brings Natural Elements Themes

Unlike the case with other minimalist style houses, the Mediterranean house has a characteristic also in the color of the house. The colors chosen are generally calm, but elegant, such as brown, cream, light brown, gray, and ivory white. These colors are also part of the natural soil color.

  1. There are Arches in the Doors and Windows

With just a glance, surely you can already guess the typical Mediterranean-style door design. This style is usually found in the windows and doors. If on the door, the shape is a rectangle with a slightly curved shape at the top. The shape of the arch is so that the air circulation in the house is maximized.

  1. Interior Design

Interior Mediterranean House

The last characteristic is found in the interior design of the Mediterranean house. The interior design and furniture generally follow the appearance on the outside. Starting from tables, sofas, chairs, dining tables, and many other household furniture that carry a classic and elegant design. The dominant colors of the interior are definitely gold and silver. The swimming pool is also one of the icons that characterize Mediterranean buildings.

Those are the six characteristics of Mediterranean buildings that you need to know. How, are you interested in building a house with architecture like that?

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Classic House, The Type That Never Goes Out of Time

Classic House, The Type That Never Goes Out of Time

Home styles that are too popular and followed by many people sometimes give the impression of being a market model. Indeed, having a magnificent home with a contemporary design like a minimalist home is one of the dreams of many people. However, this does not mean that classic homes are no longer cool and left behind by the times.

On the other hand, the classic house with its unique and simple architecture has become one of the most popular home styles. Even though it seems old-fashioned and boring if a classic house is designed carefully and in such a way, then a classic house will look very luxurious and elegant.

Classic Home Architecture Inspiration

Before deciding to use the services of a professional classic house architect, it’s a good idea to know some classic house architectural inspirations as a reference. Here are some classic home architectures ranging from simple to the most modern.

  1. Classic House Domination of White Color

Classic House Domination of White Color

White is a color choice that is widely used in homes in general. This is because white is a neutral color, so it matches any color. A classic house with a predominance of white and a touch of black will look very magnificent.

  1. Simple Classic House

Simple Classic House

The second classic house inspiration comes from a house with a simple architecture. You can use a brown theme, from the lightest brown to the darkest brown, for your classic house later. This simple classic home style is suitable for those of you who want to have a comfortable home but look simple.

  1. Minimalist Classic House

Minimalist Classic House

If you want a classic house and a minimalist home, you can combine the architecture of the two into a very elegant home style. As the name implies, this classic house is made with a minimalist model. You can choose the architecture of the house by making the best use of the land. If there is still a little land left, try placing tree plants in front of the house to enhance the appearance of the house.

  1. Tropical Classic

Tropical Classic Minilmalist

Being in a tropical climate like Indonesia, makes many people dream of a home style that is friendly to the local climate conditions. The hallmark of a classic tropical-style house lies in its comfortable air circulation with free window access. In addition, the placement of the position of the house with the natural surroundings or the provision of a mini garden will make this model of a house feel one with nature.

  1. Classic Victorian House

Classic Victorian House

Inspiration for a classic house that is no less trendy comes from the architectural style of a classic Victorian house. In the old Victorian era, French and British culture named their home style after the queen or king at that time. This classic style architecture still looks very grand and will never go out of style.

  1. Classical Dutch House

Classical Dutch House

After looking at English and French-style houses, the next inspiration moved to the country of windmills, the Netherlands. Houses that were once popular during the old colonial period are no less popular. In general, this classic Dutch-style house is almost similar to houses in Europe, especially the placement of wooden windows to block incoming sunlight.

  1. Modern Classic House

Modern Classic House

The last classic house is a classic house designed with modern vibes and architectural style. This modern classic house is no less popular and even coveted by many people. The architectural style of the building seems simple but looks magnificent and luxurious making many people crave this style of house.

Those are seven classic house architectural inspirations that come from various models and styles. A classic house is not an ancient house that is no longer attractive if an architect is able to design it as well as possible so that it looks more modern.

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Minimalist Architecture

Get to Know More in Minimalist Architecture

In minimalist architecture, building design or architecture only uses the most basic needs. And emphasizing on things that are functional and essential. Geometric forms and decoration, this is the characteristics of minimalist architecture.

Minimalism itself became a trend in the early 19th century and became an important movement due to a response from previous architectural styles that used more elements of decoration and ornament. Minimalist architectural designers focus on two elements, namely elegant lighting and empty space created by reducing three-dimensional elements in architectural designs.

In London and New York, minimalist architecture became popular in the late 1980s. Architects and fashion designers try to create a concept of simplicity by using white elements, cool lighting, large spaces with minimum objects, and furniture. Architects Ludwid Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier are two architects who have the greatest influence on the element of simplicity in the dynamics of minimalist architecture.

Minimalist architects don’t only consider the physical qualities of buildings, they also look deeply into the invisible spiritual dimensions, with greater attention to detail, people, space, nature, and materials. They discovered that something as abstract and invisible as natural light, the sky, the earth, and the air actually has the qualities.

In minimalist architecture, design is used to convey a message of simplicity. Basic geometric shapes, lack of decoration, use of simple materials, and repetition of structures are hallmarks of minimalism. Natural lighting makes the building look simple and clean. Minimalist architects have a motto “listen to figure”, by seeking the essence of simplicity by rediscovering precious qualities in simple and common materials.

The main characteristics of minimalist architecture include a square floor plan, a cube building shape, a series of windows that stretch with a checkered horizon, all façade angles are 90 degrees, and the use of fabricated materials such as steel, glass, and concrete.

The idea of simplicity actually appears in various cultures, especially in Japan with the Zen culture. The Japanese manipulate Zen culture into the aesthetics and designs of their buildings. Where a Western culture has been influenced by the idea of Japanese architecture, especially since the mid-18th century in America and also in the 19th century inspired the emergence of minimalist architecture.

This Zen concept of simplicity has a lot to say about the idea of freedom and the essence of life. Simplicity is not only seen from its aesthetic value, but also from the moral perception of objects and materials. Like the sand garden at Ryoanji temple above which shows the concept of simplicity with the arrangement of several stones and large empty spaces.

Ma is another Japanese aesthetic principle that refers to empty and open space. Frank Lloyd Wright was inspired by sliding doors in Japan that allow exterior elements to enter into the interior of a room. By removing all unnecessary internal walls and opening up the space between the interior and exterior.

One of the famous minimalist-style buildings is Farnsworth House. Farnsworth House is the private home of Dr. Edith Farnsworth who is a kidney disease expert. The house designed by Ludwig Mies van der Hohe is called the most important work of 20th-century architecture. This one-room house is designed using steel and glass. Now, this house is owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and is used as a museum.

Another example of a minimalist-style house is The Glass Pavilion. This house is touted as the most minimalist house ever designed (Source: architecturebeast.com). This house located in California was designed by a Los Angeles architect named Steve Hermann. Initially, this house was made for the architect’s personal home, but then it was finally sold for a fantastic price reaching 30 million dollars.

Differences in the Characteristics of Modern European and Ancient European House Buildings

Differences in the characteristics of modern European and ancient European-style house buildings – European-style house buildings are one of the building styles that are in great demand by many people. This is inseparable from its unique and special architectural style so that it can attract interest from many groups. In addition, the European-style house building style has characteristics that are quite inherent. The characteristics of these buildings will not be boring and eroded over time.

Differences in the Characteristics of Modern European and Ancient European House Buildings

European-style house buildings themselves are divided into two types, namely modern Europe and ancient/classical Europe. Even though they are both European-style houses, the two have significant differences. Starting from the architecture and even the furniture used in the two types of house styles. Even so, both modern and ancient European-style houses have the same number of enthusiasts. In order to increase knowledge, here are some differences in the characteristics of modern European and ancient European-style houses.

  1. Trends in Use

The first difference between modern European and ancient European-style houses is the trend used in each home style. In general, old European-style house buildings have a distinctive character, which follows the country and the architect who designed the house. So, the style of the house used can be different every time depending on the architect and the country.

As for the modern European-style house building style, it has the characteristics of following current trends and following architectural developments. In contrast to old European-style houses, the designs produced for modern European-style houses do not have to follow the style desired by the architect.

  1. In Terms of Ornaments and Accessories Used

In general, old European-style house buildings are identical with the provision of quite a lot of ornaments. Ornament details are widely used both in terms of the exterior and interior of the house. The carvings used are also very detailed, like gold carvings.

On the other hand, modern European-style houses seem minimalist because they don’t focus much on ornaments. It’s not that there aren’t any, but the ornaments are few or even almost non-existent. In addition, the accessories used on each side are also not as many as in old European-style houses.

  1. Use of Pillars

If in the past the old European-style house was identical with its very magnificent pillars, even now this tradition still exists. Lovers of old or classic European-style houses still like to make pillars in front of the house with striking and very detailed ornaments.

Meanwhile, in modern European-style homes, you will find fewer houses that still use pillars. In some houses, such as modern European-style houses in contemporary style, pillars are still found, but they are not too magnificent and have lots of ornaments. Usually, such houses are referred to as a mix of modern and classic European.

  1. Used Furniture

Finally, of course, the furniture in each type of house is different from one another. You can see, the furniture used in old European-style houses seems magnificent because of its large size accompanied by quite striking carved ornaments. In contrast to modern European-style home furniture which is simpler but still looks luxurious.

Even though they have almost similar names, modern and ancient European-style houses have their own characteristics. Starting from the architecture to the part of the home furniture used. Even so, not infrequently also people choose to combine the style of the house between the two.

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